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Bone Building Exercise for Osteoporosis

Bone Building Exercise for Osteoporosis

Building Bone – the foundations

Osteoporosis is a common disease in Australia. Osteoporosis affects over one million Australians, and is more common among women than men. It is a condition where the bones become weak, fragile and brittle. When bones lose minerals (such as calcium) faster than the body can replace them, this leads to a loss of bone density, which in turn, leads to an increased risk of fractures. Even a small bump or fall can cause a fracture. The most common sites for these fractures are the wrist, hip and spine (Osteoporosis Australia, 2014). Bone building exercise for osteoporosis is essential for optimising bone health.

Osteoporosis is likely under-reported, as many people typically have no symptoms at all until they experience a bone fracture, usually after a fall. Osteoporosis can be diagnosed with a simple and painless scan, known as a bone density test.

WHO is most at risk?

Factors that increase risk of developing Osteoporosis are:
(Osteoporosis Australia, 2014)

  • Your gender, women are more likely to develop osteoporosis than men
  • Increasing age. The older you get, the higher the risk
  • Race – you are at greater risk of osteoporosis if you’re of Caucasion or Asian descent
  • Peri and post-menopausal women, due to the rapid decline in oestrogen levels during menopause
  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Medical history
    • Prolonged corticosteroid use
    • Thyroid conditions
    • Coeliac disease, inflammatory bowel disorder, due to malabsorption
    • Eating disorders,  severely restricted food intake and being underweight can weaken bone
    • Some medications for breast/prostate cancer, epilepsy and some antidepressants
  • Lifestyle factors
    • Smoking
    • Excessive alcohol consumption
    • Dietary factors
    • Little or no physical activity
    • Weight – both ends of the spectrum (thin body build or excessive weight)

WHAT can we do about it?

There are several interventions for osteoporosis management and prevention (outlined below).

We will focus mainly on bone building exercise for osteoporosis and the three important Bs – body, bones and balance.

Body, BONES & Balance – WHY exercise is important for bone density

Exercise is vital for both the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis. Regular, ongoing, physical activity and exercise has been shown to help maintain and improve bone mineral density (Osteoporosis Australia, 2014) (Sözen, T et al., 2017).

Bone is living tissue and this means it responds to exercise by getting stronger, as muscles do (NIH, 2019). Even when we are young, the exercise we do contributes to peak bone mass and therefore the more active we are, the higher the peak bone mass (NIH, 2019), (Sözen, T et al., 2017). Sometime during our 30s, this bone mass peaks and then we can begin to lose bone (NIH, 2019). Regular weightbearing exercise can help build your bone stock in your youth and prevent bone loss and maintain muscle strength and balance throughout your life. Exercise is especially important for someone diagnosed with osteoporosis.

There are specific exercises that are better bone building exercise for osteoporosis . These are called osteogenic exercises. These exercises help to improve bone strength due to a certain amount of impact or strain placed on them. Generally these exercises include resistance based or weight bearing exercises – exercises where your feet are on the ground and gravity is adding to the load through your bones. Swimming for example, would not be the best choice as an exercise to improve bone density, as there is very little gravitation loading or weight placed on your bones. Your bones react to the weight on them by building themselves up and getting stronger. Exercise examples include, but are not limited to, weighted squats and lunges, jumping, landing and stamping (Montgomery, G., et al., 2019). Impact loading can be tailored to the individual and gradually progressed from simple, safe landing techniques, to more challenging tasks once good skill and confidence in early tasks has been achieved.

It’s never too late to start a bone-building exercise program, even if you already have osteoporosis. You may worry that a bone building program may cause or aggravate a problem you may have, like back or knee pain. A professionally designed exercise program, customised to your individual circumstances, will allow you to strengthen your bones and muscles and improve your balance and coordination while minimising risks of aggravating pre-existing pain or injuries. In most cases, a customised program will have the added benefit of assisting you with these additional musculoskeletal problems.

So, no time like the present! Time to move that body and build those bones!

 

PhysioTec provides a unique and specialised group program based on the most current research available. It is designed to increase bone health and density through weight training. Our program incorporates posture and body awareness training along with balance and proprioceptive exercise aimed at reducing the risk of falls, joint overload and injury. Body – Bones – Balance (Body integration – Bone strength – Balance control) incorporates a group warm up followed by a targeted station-based exercise program that stimulates the whole body, with a special focus on improving health and strength of bones, muscles and tendons and optimising dynamic balance. Before entry into the program, you will have a detailed assessment with a physiotherapist who will individualise your starting program.

Read more information about our class here.

What exercises can I do at home after having a baby?

What exercises can I do at home after having a baby?

The experience of bringing a new baby home is exciting and wonderful. But this period can also be terrifying for a new mother, and at times, isolating. It’s a word we have been hearing so much of lately, but for other reasons – “Stay at home. Self-isolate. Social distance”. The concept of this is hard for anyone, more so for a new mother. As new mothers, we rely on getting out of the house and being social with our family, close friends and mother’s groups for support. We rely on access to our medical and allied health professionals so that we can look after ourselves and in doing so, care for the new baby we have brought into this world. Even though Covid restrictions are now easing,  it can still be challenging to leave the house with a new baby in those first weeks or months, for reasons other than the essentials. Looking after yourself and getting into some regular exercise might be low on your list of priorities.

 

Exercising from home

While the recent Covid crisis has been challenging, especially for new mums, this crisis has produced a tremendous surge in online exercises and exercise programs. We are lucky to have technology and the online platform to access exercise programs from home, however new mothers wanting to start exercising need to be cautious in selecting exercises. Some exercises place extra load on the abdominal muscles or pelvic floor which new mums need to avoid soon after having a baby, as these can have adverse results. Getting professional guidance before embarking on an online exercise program is vital.

At PhysioTec, we have two Women’s Health physiotherapists, Megan Power and Irene Li, who can assist you through this uncertain time. If you can’t make it to the clinic in person, we are able to provide an online ‘Telehealth’ video consultation. We will take a thorough history inclusive of your pregnancy and birth experience. We will also look at your posture and a variety of movements. From this we will give evidence-based advice and, if appropriate, recommend a personalised exercise program you can do safely at home.

We can address any of the following during a consultation:

  • Pelvic floor muscle and function
  • Abdominal separation
  • Safe exercise options/exercises to avoid
  • Pelvic pain

We also offer an App for your exercise program and this includes video, audio and text description. It also allows in-app messaging to stay in touch with your physiotherapist.

 

The Importance of the Pelvic Floor Muscles

Like any other muscle in our body, the pelvic floor muscles may be weak, too active, a source of pain and can also be different side to side. These muscles, along with connective tissue, support the pelvic organs. In women, these are the bladder, uterus and bowel. The pelvic floor is important for prevention and management of prolapse, management of urinary incontinence and also for its role in sexual function. Following childbirth, the pelvic floor needs time to recover and then we can start to gradually build up strength and coordination of these muscles again.

The main recommendation of the most current guidelines state that pelvic floor muscle training is associated with a reduction in prenatal and postnatal urinary incontinence (Mottola MF, et al., 2018). These exercises can be performed daily HOWEVER, it is crucial that women seek instruction from a knowledgeable health professional  to ensure proper technique in order to obtain the best outcomes/benefits from performing these exercises. This is especially the case for women who have never trained these muscles.

 

What about running?

In March 2019, three highly experienced physiotherapists – Tom Goom, Gráinne Donnelly & Emma Brockwell combined their areas of expertise to release a paper on returning to running after childbirth and the guidelines for this population. The main findings were that women in the post-natal period benefit from an individualised assessment and guided pelvic floor rehabilitation in order to prevent and manage pelvic organ prolapse (Hagen, S et al., 2014), manage urinary continence (Bø, 2003) (Dumoulin, C et al., 2018) (Price, N et al., 2010) and improve sexual function.

 

Based on expert opinion, the following suggestions were made:

  • Return to running is NOT recommended at all prior to 3 months post-childbirth OR beyond this time point if any symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction are identified before or after attempting a return to running
  • Pelvic health, load management and strength testing should be assessed in order to establish if a patient is ready to return to running in the post-natal period
  • Additional factors that should be considered in the postnatal evaluation are weight, fitness, breathing, psychological wellbeing/status, abdominal separation, breast support and feeding, running with a buggy and relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S)

 

How can a Physiotherapist help me?

At PhysioTec, our physiotherapists who specialise in Women’s Health can address your postnatal concerns and advise you on the safest exercises, individually tailored to your symptoms and current capacity. If you are wishing to return to a level of activity similar to pre pregnancy, your physiotherapist is able to guide you on load and intensity and how to graduate safely back to full activity. We are passionate about what we do and our continuity of care. We are here (in person at Tarragindi or online via TeleHealth) to help and provide you with the best advice and support!

Book Online or call us on 3342 4284 to speak to us today!

 

References

Bø, K. (2003). Is there still a place for physiotherapy in the treatment of female incontinence? EAU , 145-153.

Dumoulin, C et al. (2018). Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews(10).

Hagen, S et al. (2014). Individualised pelvic floor muscle training in women with pelvic organ prolapse: a multicenter randomised controlled trial. 282(9919), 796-806.

Mottola MF, et al. (2018). 2019 Canadian guideline for physical activity throughout pregnancy. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52, 1339-1346.

Price, N et al. (2010). Pelvic floor exercise for urinary incontinence: A systematic literature review. Maturitas, 67(4), 309-315.

 

4 tips for pain relief when you’re stuck at home

4 tips for pain relief when you’re stuck at home

1. Manage your stress

The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic has been devastating worldwide. We are lucky in Australia that the spread of illness is now being well contained. However, the social distancing measures have not come without a significant cost for many businesses, their employees and our way of life. Higher levels of stress are common and in the coming weeks, parents will also be juggling home schooling and many people will experience pain working at home.

Stress has a direct and marked impact on pain levels, so if you experience pain working at home and your normal achy neck or back is worse than usual, stress may be playing a substantial role. Often one of the first things you notice when stressed, is muscle tension developing around the neck and shoulder region. You may also feel tension developing in the lower back, particularly if you are sitting rigidly on the edge of your chair. Be sure to sit back in your chair and relax, allowing the chairback to support you.

When you are feeling overwhelmed or feeling tension and pain build in your neck or back, try some relaxed deep breathing. It can work wonders!

 

2. Optimise your home working environment

Many workers have had no choice but to make a rapid transition to a home-office, with less than ideal ergonomic set up. Pain working at home can result.

Good Desk Set Up

Problem: Using a laptop or tablet for prolonged periods will mean a poor neck angle and substantial increases in loads on the joints and muscles of the neck and upper back.

Solution: Organise an external monitor and/or keyboard, to ensure you can look straight ahead at your screen. These were in very short supply but are available again now.

Problem: Your desk and/or seat height may not be suitable.

Solution: Most people won’t want to invest in a new home set up for this temporary situation. But you can improve the situation usually with pillows, back supports, footrests and even bricks to alter the height of a low desk!

Aim to avoid situations where:
a. your knees are higher than your hips
b. your elbows are bent more than 90degrees

If you need a wedge cushion, decompression cushion or a back support, you can drop by the clinic to pick one up or we can organise delivery.

One of our physiotherapists can also check out your home working environment via a Telehealth video consultation.

 

3. Continue (or start) your Physiotherapy Rehabilitation Program

Don’t let this golden opportunity pass you by! Often our patient’s lives are so busy with all the events they must attend for work or family, that their home exercise program goes by the wayside. This makes it difficult to fully overcome a persistent pain issue.

Now is the time to attend studiously to your home program and get on top of those problems once and for all. This will help control pain working at home and it’s also very important for athletes to use this time to maintain or improve conditioning to avoid injuries when returning to sport.

Our physiotherapists are now transitioning back into the clinic after a short break with COVID-19 social distancing, so you can:

  • organise a check up on your program,
  • address a problem you have been meaning to attend to for ages or
  • put a plan in place to maintain your conditioning to prevent injury when returning to sport or your regular physical activity

PhysioTec Physitrack

We can provide assistance either in the clinic or with our telehealth service.

Telehealth is a video consultation. It allows us to assess your movement, check exercise technique, and tailor an exercise program for home. If you do not have an existing diagnosis for your painful condition, we’ll take a thorough history and step you through a variety of tests. This will help us determine what the main problem is.

The telehealth consultation also includes a free app with an individualised program. These exercises have video, audio and text descriptions available. On top of this, the in-app features also include tracking so you can check off your exercises daily and a messaging system to keep in touch with your physiotherapist.

Read more about Telehealth here.

 

4. Engage in regular exercise

We already know the important benefits of exercise, some of which include:

  • Positive effects for mental health
  • Weight control
  • Improved sleep quality
  • Prevention and management of a variety of health problems
  • Physiological benefits for the body, such as improving strength and mobility, which in turn help us to maintain independence.

Additionally, and perhaps most importantly right now, we know that regular physical activity decreases the risk of a person contracting a communicable disease (such as viral and bacterial infections). It enhances the ability of a person’s immune system to control itself. (Campbell & Turner 2018, Dominski & Dominski, 2020). Therefore continuing, maintaining or starting an exercise program is encouraged.

While the gyms and Pilates studies are closed, your options are to exercise outside or at home. There are many free exercise classes available online, but for those with previous injuries, be cautious. Some of these low-quality programs will not be suitable and may aggravate your condition or produce a new one.

Our physiotherapists can check your home exercise technique easily with telehealth , helping you control pain working at home. If you have gym equipment at home, Eric Huang, our strength and conditioning physiotherapist is very happy to check your lift technique and provide some ideas to vary or progress your program.

Eric Huang Telehealth Physiotec

Did you know?

Our Pilates instructors are also providing a high-quality Online Pilates service. Each class is run by one of our qualified Pilates Instructors and lasts approximately 40minutes. The classes focus on strength and conditioning exercises with the aim of keeping you moving and helping you maintain good functionality.

Physiotec Online Pilates_2020

Those who have already started these classes with Alice or Lisa have been loving them! Each class is limited to 4 people, and exercises are adapted for every client’s condition or physical fitness. The small class sizes also allow the instructor to monitor your form and posture, thus maximising your performance and safety.

Classes are priced at $20 per session, sold in packs of 5.

Call us on (07) 3342 4284 or contact us today to book in your free class trial!

 

 

References

Campbell, J. P., & Turner, J. E. (2018). Debunking the myth of exercise-induced immune suppression: redefining the impact of exercise on immunological health across the lifespan. Frontiers in immunology, 9, 648.

Dominski, F., Dominski, B. (2020). Exercise and Infectious Diseases – Covid-19. British Journal of Sports Medicine Blog, March 17, 2020.

Pregnancy, pelvic pain & safely returning to running

Pregnancy, pelvic pain & safely returning to running

Pregnancy is an exciting and special time but it can also come with a lot of questions. Whilst Google gives us access to a wonderful world of information, it can lead to more questions and sometimes concerns. This article will discuss the effect of pregnancy on the mother in terms of pelvic pain and the pelvic floor and returning to running after pregnancy, backed up by evidence and research. It is important to remember that not any one pregnancy is exactly the same!

Pelvic Pain & Exercise during Pregnancy

Based on various studies, approximately 50% of women experience low back pain or pelvic girdle pain (pubic, buttock, tailbone, pelvic floor regions) during pregnancy and 25% continue to have this pain 12 months after delivery (Davenport MH, et. al., 2019).

A panel of experts looked at 32 studies, which included a total of 52,297 women without absolute or relative contraindications to exercise (Davenport MH, et. al., 2019). For the absolute and relative contraindications, please click here. From this, it was found that physical activity during pregnancy decreased the severity of low back, pelvic and lumbopelvic pain. (Davenport MH, et. al., 2019). This is both during the pregnancy and in the early postpartum period. The exercise components of these studies included yoga, aerobic exercise, general muscle strengthening and a combination of resistance and aerobic training (Davenport MH, et. al., 2019).

Another study by Owe et. Al (2016) looked at 39, 184 pregnant women who had not previously given birth. This study found that exercising up to five times weekly prior to pregnancy was protective against pelvic girdle pain and also those women who reported participating in high impact exercises prior to pregnancy had the lowest risk of pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy. (Owe KM, et. al, 2016).

The most current guidelines state that an accumulation of 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise each week is recommended in order to achieve the health benefits and reduce risks of pregnancy complications (Mottola MF, et al., 2018).

Pregnancy & the Pelvic Floor

In relation to the pelvic floor, the main recommendation part of the most current guidelines state that pelvic floor muscle training is associated with a reduction in prenatal and postnatal urinary incontinence (Mottola MF, et al., 2018). These exercises can be performed daily HOWEVER, it is crucial that women seek instruction from a trained health professional (such as a women’s health physiotherapist) to ensure proper technique in order to obtain the best outcomes/benefits from performing these exercises. This is especially the case for women who have never trained these muscles.

Returning to Running after Pregnancy
More recently (March 2019), three highly experienced physiotherapists – Tom Goom, Gráinne Donnelly & Emma Brockwell combined their areas of expertise to release a paper on returning to running postnatal and the guidelines for this population. The main findings that were included in the paper were that women in the post-natal period benefit from an individualised assessment and guided pelvic floor rehabilitation in order to prevent and manage pelvic organ prolapse (bladder, bowel or uterus descending into the vagina) (Hagen, S et al., 2014), manage urinary continence (Bø, 2003) (Dumoulin, C et al., 2018) (Price, N et al., 2010) and improve sexual function.

Based on expert opinion only, the following suggestions were made:

• Return to running is NOT recommended at all prior to 3 months post-natal OR beyond this time point if any symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction are identified before or after attempting return to running
• Pelvic health, load impact management and strength testing should be assessed in order to establish if a patient is ready to return to running in the post-natal period
• Additional factors that should be considered in the postnatal evaluation are weight, fitness, breathing, psychological wellbeing/status, abdominal separation, breast support and feeding, running with a buggy and relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S)

How we can help you at Physiotec:

It is imperative to see your physiotherapist before commencing physical activity, especially if planning a pregnancy, already pregnant or in the post-natal period.

Here at Physiotec, your women’s health physiotherapist can:
1. assess your pelvic floor muscles to ensure you are using them correctly
2. assess and address other areas of concern such as low back pain or pelvic pain
3. advise you on the safest exercises during pregnancy as well as into the post-natal period
4. perform a physical assessment to determine whether you are ready to return to running or other exercise after pregnancy 
5. perform a running assessment to ensure that your technique places minimal loads on your pelvic floor and joints following pregnancy

You might also like to join one of our Pilates classes to stay strong or build strength and control before, during or after your pregnancy.

Bibliography

Bø, K. (2003). Is there still a place for physiotherapy in the treatment of female incontinence? EAU , 145-153.
Davenport MH, et. al. (2019). Exercise for the prevention and treatment of low back, pelvic girdle and lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53, 90-98.
Dumoulin, C., Cacciari, L. and Hay-Smith, EC. (2018). Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews(10).
Hagen, S., Stark, D., Glazener, C., Dickson, S., Barry, S., Elders, A., Frawley, H, Galea, MP, Logan, J., McDonald, A., McPherson G., Moore KH, Norrie, J., Walker, A., Wilson, D. (2014). Individualised pelvic floor muscle training in women with pelvic organ prolapse: a multicenter randomised controlled trial. 282(9919), 796-806.
Mottola MF, et al. (2018). 2019 Canadian guideline for physical activity throughout pregnancy. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52, 1339-1346.
Owe KM, et. al. (2016). Exercise level before pregnancy and engaging in high-impact sports reduce the risk of pelvic girdle pain: a population-based cohort study of 39 184 women. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50, 817-822.
Price, N., Dawood, R. and Jackson SR. (2010). Pelvic floor exercise for urinary incontinence: A systematic literature review. Maturitas, 67(4), 309-315.

Physical Activity & Pregnancy

Physical Activity & Pregnancy

Physical Activity & Pregnancy

The Facts, the Figures & the False Conceptions

If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy and you are unsure about the current guidelines for physical activity and what is safe, this is a must read! An excellent team of experts have appraised over 27,000 manuscripts and abstracts (Davies G & Artal R., 2019) in order to bring us the most up to date information and guidelines on physical activity during pregnancy.

THE FACTS:

Physical activity during pregnancy:

  • DOES NOT increase the risks of structural or functional birth defects which stem from in the womb (Davenport MH, et al., 2019)
  • Has a significant effect on reducing the severity of low back pain, pelvic girdle pain and lumbopelvic pain. (Davenport MH, et al., 2019)
  • Decreases the chances of using instruments during delivery (Davenport MH, et al., 2019)
  • Reduces the chances of depression during pregnancy as well as the severity of symptoms. Unfortunately, this does not apply to the post-natal period. (Davenport MH, et al., 2018)
  • Reduces the risk of excessive weight gain during pregnancy as well as weight retention postpartum. (Ruchat S, et al., 2018)
  • Results in a small increase in the mother’s body temperature which is safe for the baby. (Davenport MH, et al, 2019)
  • Effectively reduces the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia. (Davenport MH, et al., 2018)
  • Reduces the odds of having abnormally large babies (Davenport MH, et al., 2018)

Additionally…

  • There is no association between physical activity during pregnancy and increased risk of miscarriage or perinatal mortality (stillbirth or deaths in the first week of life) (Davenport MH, et al., 2019)
  • There is not enough evidence to inform us if lying on our back to exercise is safe or if it should be avoided altogether during pregnancy (Mottola MF, et al., 2019)
  • There was no association found between exercise during pregnancy and complications with the newborn baby or harmful childhood outcomes (Davenport MH, et al., 2018)

THE FIGURES & RECOMMENDATIONS

(Mottola MF, et al., 2018)

  • An accumulation of 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise each week is recommended in order to achieve the health benefits and reduce risks of pregnancy complications
  • Exercise over a minimum of 3 days per week, however daily exercise is encouraged
  • Variety is key in order to achieve greater benefits
  • Pelvic floor muscle training can be performed daily in order to reduce risk of urinary incontinence
  • Exercising flat on the back should be modified if the pregnant women is experiencing light headedness, nausea or feeling unwell
  • TAKE HOME MESSAGE: All women WITHOUT contraindications should be participating in physical activity during pregnancy

THE FALSE CONCEPTIONS

  • Exercise will harm the baby. The evidence has shown that there are no increased risks of miscarriage or a small baby when undertaking physical activity during pregnancy
  • Heart rate should be below 140 beats per minute. This is an outdated guideline from the 80s and there was no evidence to even support this guideline, it was based on expert opinion.
  • Exercise needs to be at a gym or with group fitness. Lots of studies that were looked at were walking programmes. Additionally, moderate intensity physical activity can include gardening, mowing the lawns and some household chores.

Other considerations for physical activity & pregnancy

There are other considerations specific to the mother during pregnancy and physical activity. These include, but are not limited to, the pelvic floor and risk of overload/prolapse as well as pelvic pain. If you are planning a pregnancy/already pregnant and have a history of pelvic pain or pelvic floor concerns, it is important to see your physiotherapist before commencing physical activity. Here at Physiotec, your women’s health physiotherapist can assess your pelvic floor muscles to ensure you are using them correctly, assess and address other areas of concern such as low back pain or pelvic pain and advise you on the safest exercises during pregnancy as well as into the post-natal period. You might also like to join one of our Pilates classes to stay strong or build strength and control before, during or after your pregnancy.

Download more information on Physical Activity during Pregnancy here

Try Torpedo Perturbation Training at PhysioTec

Try Torpedo Perturbation Training at PhysioTec

Perturbation Training

See one of our Physiotec staff, Colm Coakley, demonstrating some perturbation training using the CorMax Torpedo. Half filled with water, the Torpedo becomes an unstable load which your muscles need to figure out how to control. Consequently, it provides a great dynamic stability challenge! Also, due to the ever-changing stimulus, it keeps the nervous system guessing.  This requires the system to continually change the way muscles are stimulated to respond.

In response to pain, or sometimes due to excessive training in very rigid unvarying patterns eg like regularly holding a rigid plank for 2+minutes, the nervous system can begin to recruit muscles in very confined, ‘primitive’ patterns. This can lead to a loss of normal efficiency and load sharing-load sparing in muscle recruitment patterns. As a result, this can also potentially contribute to pain, injury and a loss of athletic performance. At Physiotec, we are always exploring and embracing strategies that can help our patients get the best out of their bodies and their lives. Come & join one of our highly qualified physio’s in an innovative and challenging workout.

6 Tips To Bulletproof Your Running This Summer

6 Tips To Bulletproof Your Running This Summer

It’s spring time and for many it’s a sign to start getting fit for summer. For those who had been hibernating during winter it is worth taking note of these following tips to bulletproof yourself for the months of running ahead.

 

  1. Remember you are exposing your body to increase stresses and strains that it may not be accustomed to. Many runners experience injury in their first 8 weeks by doing too much, too fast, too soon. Increase running volume by no more than 10% every 2 weeks.
  2. If you are taking up running for the first time, allow 48 hours between runs during the first four weeks. You can do other lower impact exercise on alternate days such as cycling, swimming and strength training.
  3. Break up your first few runs into run/walk intervals. For example 1 minute run/1 minute walk for 20-30 minutes. 
  4. Run with a shorter step and higher cadence. Pick the foot up as you swing the leg through and land with a verticals shin and bent knee joint in the front of the hip. Run tall with an upright posture. As you improve in fitness and strength your running technique will feel easier.
  5. Strength Training/Pilates will help your running performance and reduce the risk of injury. Runners need strong hips, trunk muscles and ankles to move well, maintain good posture and prevent injury. Two-three #strength training sessions is recommended per week focusing on whole body ground based exercises such as squats, lunges, deadlifts and step ups. Good movement and technique must be trained before adding resistance.
  6. Make sure you have the appropriate equipment/footwear. Nothing more likely to cause injury/discomfort than this. Find the runner that is most comfortable for you or a brand you trust and have used previously in the past with good results.

 

If you have pain running and you’re unsure about why, STOP! Go see your GP or Physiotherapist, find out why you have a problem and then deal with it. Many running related pains are easily dealt with, but some, if left untreated, can become chronic problems.

Enjoy your running! Every session you do doesn’t have to be better than the last one. Schedule easy runs for yourself where you don’t worry about pace and just enjoy a nice easy trot!

When is your child safe to begin resistance training?

When is your child safe to begin resistance training?

When is it safe to begin resistance training?

It is a common misconception that resistance training in children stunts growth. Many parents and coaches remain convinced that weight training will result in short stature, due to potential damage to the growths plates (epiphyseal plate).

In actual fact, The Australian Strength and Conditioning Association (ASCA) have developed a position stand on youth resistance training, which is in contrast to these beliefs.

At PhysioTec, we believe there is a place for strength and condition in children. We maintain that supervision is essential, and believe that this is an ideal time to condition young developing children and adolescents to a level where there body can not only withstand, but excel in their chosen field.

Are you still unsure?

Well, if a child is ready to participate in organised and structured sports, such as cricket, football, rugby and basketball then they are generally ready to perform a supervised resistance-training program. This will allow them to handle even the most intensive sporting schedules

 

September 2017

Physiotec’s 7 laws of Strength Training

Physiotec’s 7 laws of Strength Training

 

7 laws of Strength Training

1 Train Consistently

Consistency with training is vitally important. Those who train week in and week out will experience steady improvements in fundamental lifting skills, strength and muscularity over time. Assess your weekly routine and see when you can fit in at least 2-3 30-45 minute sessions per week into your schedule

2 Warm Ups are essential:

The “RAMP” system provides a method by which warm-up activities can be classified and constructed. This system identifies three key phases of effective warm-ups.

Activities included in the ‘Raise’ section can be used to increase body temperature and blood flow. The ‘Activate and Mobilise’ section can be used to optimise strength, control and dynamic flexibility around areas central to performance in the gym. The ‘Potentiation’ section provides an ideal time to carry out activities such as speed and plyometric training in order to prepare the body to work at maximal capacity.

3 Use Good Form:

You do need to be very strict with your exercise form, and you need to learn the right type of form for your body on various lifts. This is especially important for bigger exercises like squats and deadlifts where the risk of injury is inherently higher than, say, dumbbell curls. Developing competency in the major compound lifts such as the deadlift, squat and lunge will reduce the likelihood of injury in the gym and can ensure you train consistently throughout the year and reach your goals.

4: Stimulate the muscles of the entire body:

To make a muscle grow, it must be stimulated on a regular basis. Compound exercises are designed to stimulate a lot of muscles throughout the body. For example the deadlift stimulates the forearms, traps, lats, scapular retractors, spinal extensors, glutes and hamstrings, even the core and quad muscles This helps explain why deads are such a great exercise. However, if all you did was deadlift, your pecs, delts, and biceps wouldn’t come close to reaching their full hypertrophy potential. Make sure your programs regularly incorporate enough exercises that combine to thoroughly hit the entire body.

5; Basic Strength Must Improve:

 Progressive overload is the most important aspect in the strength game. If you embark on a strength training regimen and fail to get stronger, you won’t gain much muscle. You must use heavier loads and perform more reps over time.

As you get more experienced in the gym, you should see dramatic strength progress compared to your beginning level in a squat variation, a deadlift variation, some kind of upper body press, and an upper body pull. And if you want to be your absolute best at anything, be it squats, deadlifts, bench press, power cleans, or even Turkish get-ups, then you need to perform the lifts consistently to groove the neuromuscular patterns and maximize motor learning. Failing to do so will leave unachieved progress on the table.

6 Muscle is made in the gym and built in the kitchen.

 Nutrition is key when it comes to strength development. The best training program in the world is no match for a poor diet.

If you want to develop strength and perform optimally, then you must take nutrition seriously. You need to take in the right amount of calories and the right blend of macronutrients for your goals and physiology. You don’t have to be perfect 24/7, but eating a consistent amount of carboydrates, protein and fats can help with strength and hypertrophy gains.

7 Sleep.

Some folks need more sleep than others and some can perform well with less, but you should still care about your sleep (quantity and quality) and prioritize it. Make a genuine effort to be consistent with your sleep schedule if you’re serious about getting results. Failure to do so will hinder your pursuit of strength and hypertrophy.

Regarding stress, your goal shouldn’t be to eliminate it altogether, but rather to optimize it. It’s good to be challenged in life, but there’s a fine line between eustress (positive stress, like a good workout) and distress (negative stress, like 65 hours a week at a job surrounded by toxic co-workers). Aim to stay in eustress most of the time for maximum results. Step back and analyze your life choices and habits. This is an area in which many lifters can make adjustments that lead to immediate results.

 

Resistance training for persistent pain

Resistance training for persistent pain

Resistance Training for Persistent Pain

Resistance Training

At Physiotec, we see many people with persistent hip and lower back pain. A lot of them are fearful regarding resistance training or are unsure what types of exercises are appropriate for them. There is often a misconception surrounding resistance training regarding its potential to be harmful or unsure for patients with persistent pain. At Physiotec, we aim to create an environment, which promotes strengthening in a safe and graduated way.

Benefits of resistance training

There are many benefits of resistance training including improving muscle mass and bone density, injury and falls prevention and overall movement patterns. In our new strength and conditioning gym, you have a unique opportunity to be closely monitored by a physiotherapist who combines their excellent knowledge of pain science and resistance training in the overall management of your condition.

Assessment and management programs

All our assessment and management programs are 100% individualized to suit your specific needs. Whether you are young or old or are experienced or inexperienced with resistance training, our Gymstart program offers you a new and exciting approach to the management of your presentation.